TDS is an abbreviated form of Tax Deducted at Source which is required to be deducted while making payment to parties at a given rate. There are some identified expenses/payments against which income tax department has prescribed a specific rate of deduction and the threshold limit on which it is required to be deducted. The person deducting the tax at source is required to deposit the tax deducted to the credit of Central Government - quoting the TAN number. Individuals who are salaried are not required to obtain TAN or deduct tax at source. However, a proprietorship business and other entities (i.e., Private Limited Company, LLP, etc.,) must deduct tax at source while making certain payment like salary, payments to contractor or sub-contractors, payment of rent exceeding Rs.1,80,000 per year, etc. SS Corporate Law House can help obtain TAN Registration.
After making the payment of TDS to the income tax, the taxpayer is required to file a quarterly return where the TDS deposited is mapped against the PAN of the person from which TDS was deducted. The TDS Return is filed within 30th of the month succeeding the quarter. For example, the first quarter ends on 30th June, hence the TDS Return must be submitted before 30th July.
When a person while making payment for which he ought to have deducted TDS fails in deducting TDS or deducts an amount less than the required amount. In all such cases, the deductor is liable to pay an interest @ 1% per month or part of the month, till the date on which TDS is deducted. Hence, a businessperson must be prudent while making payment to parties and ensure that TDS is deducted.
The tax deducted at source (TDS) while making payment to parties for qualified expenses must be deposited before 7th of next month. For example, the TDS deducted in November 2017 is payable on or before 7th December 2017. The challan number for making TDS deposit is 281. while making TDS Payment care must be exercised while selecting the appropriate section/nature of the payment.
The non-compliance of TDS provisions is a grave offence and is punishable under section 271 (C) of the Income Tax Act 1961, wherein the minimum penalty is 10,000 which can go up to Rs. 1,00,000/-. Further section 276B applies to all such cases where a willful default is established, in all those cases the punishment is 3 Years rigorous imprisonment which can go up to seven years.
The TDS deducted by a person need to be deposited within 7th day of the next month. Any failure or delay in depositing the TDS is punishable under section 271 C or/and Section 276 B. The defaulter is further liable to pay interest on delayed payment at the rate of 1.5% per month or part thereof. There is no provision in law where the interest can be waived; hence the assessee should be very careful.
The expenses on which TDS was required to be deducted shall be disallowed as an expense under section 40(a) while computing the total taxable income. To understand it quickly let's take an example of business where the income is 10 lac and the expense is also 10 lac, then effectively there shall be zero income tax, However, if the TDS is not deducted then the tax shall be three lacs (30% of 10 lac)