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Appointment of Director

 

Director of a company is a person elected by the shareholders for managing the affairs of the company as per the Memorandum of Association and Articles of Association of the company. Since a company is an artificial judicial person created by law, it can only act through the agency of natural persons. Thus, only living persons can be Directors of a company and the management of a company is entrusted to the Board of Directors. Appointment of Directors can be required for a company from time to time based on the requirements of the shareholders of the business.

 


Meaning of Director in Private Limited Company



Companies Act, 2013 defines the term “Director” as someone appointment to the Board of a company. The Board of Directors means a group of those individuals elected by the shareholders of a company to manage the affairs of the company. Since a company is an artificial legal person created by law, it is necessary to act only through the agency of natural persons. It can only act through human beings, and it is the Directors through whom mainly the company acts. Therefore, the management of a company is entrusted to a body of persons called “Board of Directors”. Another definition of a Director is someone who administers, controls or directs something, especially a member of a commercial company; one who supervises, controls or manages; a person elected by the shareholders of a company to direct company’s policies; person appointed or elected according to law, authorised to manage and direct the affairs of a company.



A Director in a company may need to resign or the Board may want to remove a Director for a number of reasons. The Director of a Company can resign from the Board by filing a resignation letter with the company and filing the intimation with the ROC. In this article, we look at the procedure for such resignation of Director.
After a Director has tendered his/her resignation and the Board has accepted the resignation, the Director cannot be held liable for liabilities incurred by the company after the date of acceptance of resignation. However, a Director who has resigned shall be liable even after his/her resignation for any offenses which occurred during his/her tenure as Director of the Company.
Only an Individual (living person) can be appointed as a Director in a Company. A body corporate or business entity cannot be appointed as a Director in a Company. A company can have a maximum of fifteen Directors – it can be increased further by passing a special resolution.

Maximum and Minimum Number of Minimum Number of Director in Company are as follows:

  • Private Limited Company – Minimum two Directors in case of Private Limited Company
  • Limited Company – Minimum three Directors in case of Limited Company
  • One Person Company – Minimum one Director in case of One Person Company
There is nothing in the Companies Act, 2013 that prohibits the appointment of any person who is a foreigner or NRI as a Director of a Company. However, Section 149(3) provides that every company shall have at least one Director who has stayed in India for a total period of not less than one hundred and eighty-two days in the previous calendar year.
Listed companies and limited companies having a paid-up share capital of Rs.100 crore rupees or more or turnover of Rs.300 crores or more are required to appoint at least one woman Director. There is no women Director requirement for a private limited company.
A Director may resign from a company by giving a notice in writing to the company and the Board is required to intimate the ROC of such notice within 30 day in Form DIR-12. In case the Director chooses, he/she may also send a copy of the resignation letter to the ROC along with the reasons for resignation using form DIR-11.